Discover the chemical process that produces some of our most common foodstuffs, from bread to yogurt, to wine and vinegar.
- Fermentation is the process of converting sugar and other food items to other products with the help of microorganisms.
- The microorganisms commonly used in these reactions are yeast, mold and bacteria.
- Fermentation of wine involves adding yeast to grape juice in the absence of oxygen.
- Yeast produces enzymes that break down natural sugar into ethanol and carbon dioxide.
It turns milk into cheese, grapes into wine and water boiled with barley seeds into beer.
These transformations may sound like the work of magic, but they're down to a natural process that changes the properties of substances, using the help of microorganisms.
It's called fermentation.
The exact type of fermentation depends on ...
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