DNA carries genetic information to produce proteins and build new cells: a process at the heart of all life on Earth.
- Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) carry the genetic code required to make protein within cells.
- When a cell makes a protein the instructions are copied from part of the DNA strand and transcribed to a new molecule, called RNA.
- RNA molecules carry the instruction from the nucleus to ribosomes.
- Ribosomes are factories within the cells producing protein from amino acid.
The function of DNA is to carry the genetic code that makes proteins.
The elaborate way that DNA does this is at the heart of every living cell on Earth.
Proteins are the worker molecules behind almost every biological process.
In your body, there are millions of different types... from hormones, ...
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